Although Japan and the People’s Republic of China have normalized diplomatic relations in 1972, considerable potential of conflict in Sino-Japanese relations continues to exist. Three diplomatic issues within bilateral relations, that is, the textbook discussion, the Yasukuni debate, and the territorial dispute over the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands cause recurring political shocks, i. e. sudden political (or politicized) domestic events that temporarily cause relations to deteriorate. Despite these shocks that lead to mass demonstrations and are extensively covered by the media in both countries, Japan and China have continuously maintained strong economic relations since the diplomatic normalization.
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