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Formale Erwachsenenbildung und Arbeitsmarktungleichheiten in Finnland / Formal adult education and labour market inequalities in Finland

  • Elina Kilpi-JakonenEmail author
  • Outi Sirniö
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  • 95 Downloads
Part of the Edition ZfE book series (EZFE, volume 7)

Zusammenfassung

Arbeitsmarkterträge auf Qualifikationen, die durch formale Erwachsenenbildung erworben werden, sind sowohl aus individueller als auch aus gesellschaftlicher Perspektive von Bedeutung. Dieser Artikel untersucht die langfristigen Arbeitsmarkterträge auf neue Qualifikationen, die von erwachsenen Hochschulabsolventen in Finnland erworben wurden. Indem wir die Daten eines Gesamtbevölkerungs-Registers nutzen, können wir Qualifikationsanhebungen auf verschiedene Bildungsniveaus separat analysieren, ebenso wie Erträge auf Qualifikationen, die auf dem gleichen oder einem niedrigeren Stand sind wie die Qualifikationen vor der Rückkehr in die Bildung. Wir untersuchen zwei Arbeitsmarktergebnisse: Fester Arbeitsplatz und durchschnittliches Jahreseinkommen. Die Resultate unseres multivariaten Regressionsmodells indizieren, dass es eindeutige positive Erträge auf neue Qualifikationen gibt und dass in diesen Erträgen ein Bildungsgefälle vorliegt. Interessanterweise zeigen jene Individuen, die auf die relativ neu etablierten polytechnischen Masterstudiengänge hochgestuft haben, den größten Nutzen in Bezug auf die Beschäftigung-Wahrscheinlichkeit und das Einkommenswachstum auf.

Schlüsselbegriffe

Beschäftigung formale Erwachsenenbildung Einkommensverläufe Arbeitsmarkterträge auf Bildung 

Abstract

Labour market returns to qualifications gained through formal adult education are important both from the individual and societal point of view. This article examines the long-term labour market returns to new qualifications obtained by mature graduates in Finland. Using full-population register data, we are able to analyse upgrades to different education levels separately as well as returns to qualifications that are at the same or even lower level as the one held before returning to education. We examine two labour market outcomes: stable employment and average annual income. The results of our multivariate regression models indicate that there are clear positive returns to new qualifications and that there is an educational gradient in these returns. Interestingly, individuals who have upgraded to the relatively recently established polytechnic Master’s degrees have seen the greatest benefit in terms of both employment probabilities and income growth.

Keywords

employment formal adult education income trajectories labour market returns to education 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinnland

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