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Gibt es im lebenslangen Lernen einen Matthäus-Effekt? Ergebnisse eines internationalen Vergleichs / Is there a Matthew effect in adult learning? Results from a cross-national comparison

  • Hans-Peter BlossfeldEmail author
  • Elina Kilpi-Jakonen
  • Daniela Vono de Vilhena
Chapter
Part of the Edition ZfE book series (EZFE, volume 7)

Zusammenfassung

In einer Welt, in der sich der ökonomische und soziale Wandel zunehmend beschleunigt, müssen die Arbeitskräfte und Bürger ihre Kenntnisse fortwährend an die sich verändernden Anforderungen am Arbeitsplatz und in der Gesellschaft anpassen. In diesem Papier wird die Frage untersucht, wie sich in modernen Gesellschaften ungleiche Bildungsniveaus beim Eintritt in den Arbeitsmarkt und Unterschiede in der Berufskarriere auf die jeweils zukünftige Beteiligung in formalen und nicht-formalen Bildungsprozessen im Lebenslauf auswirken. Die Frage wird auf der Grundlage einer Metaanalyse empirischer Befunde aus 13 Länderstudien beantwortet. Die Längsschnittanalysen in den 13 Ländern sind dabei im Rahmen des Projekts „Bildung als lebenslanger Prozess“ (eduLIFE) hochstandardisiert durchgeführt worden. Der ländervergleichende Bericht konzentriert sich auf die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede bezüglich des sogenannten Matthäus-Effekts in der lebenslangen Weiterbildung.

Schlüsselbegriffe

lebenslanges Lernen formale und nicht-formale Weiterbildung internationaler Vergleich Längsschnittanalyse Matthäus-Effekt 

Abstract

In a world with an accelerating economic and social change, there is an increasing need to keep workers’ skills continuously up-to-date during their working and private lives. In this paper we ask the question of how in modern societies unequal educational attainments at first entry into the labor market and later job career influence further participation in formal and non-formal adult learning. In answering this question, we summarize the empirical findings from 13 highly comparable country-specific studies on the process of adult learning. These analyses were conducted in the frame of the project “Education as a Lifelong Process” (eduLIFE). The particular aim of this cross-national report is to focus on the commonalities and differences regarding the so-called Matthew effect in adult learning in different societies.

Keywords

Adult learning Formal and non-formal learning Cross-national comparison Longitudinal analysis Matthew effect 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans-Peter Blossfeld
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elina Kilpi-Jakonen
    • 2
  • Daniela Vono de Vilhena
    • 3
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Soziologie 1Otto-Friedrich-Universität BambergBambergDeutschland
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinnland
  3. 3.Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research BerlinRostockDeutschland

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