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Membership and Motives in Social Systems

  • Niklas Luhmann
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

“Classical theory describes (and prescribes) organizations as systems that have the capacity of making rational decisions. They pursue objectives and are in control of their instruments. […] Control of instruments means control of motives to contribute to the organization. But how is it possible to control motives if humans are conceived as subjects, that is, as self-organizing entities? The answer is: by membership. Subjects decide to enter the system, to use their freedom to accept constraints, that is, to establish a ‘zone of indifference’ within which the organization or the ‘executive’ on its behalf can select what he wants to be done.”

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niklas Luhmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität BielefeldBielefeldDeutschland

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