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Sampling Designs of the National Educational Panel Study: Setup and Panel Development

  • Christian AßmannEmail author
  • Hans Walter Steinhauer
  • Ariane Würbach
  • Sabine Zinn
  • Angelina Hammon
  • Hans Kiesl
  • Götz Rohwer
  • Susanne Rässler
  • Hans-Peter Blossfeld
Chapter
Part of the Edition ZfE book series (EZFE, volume 3)

Abstract

The German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) was set up to provide an empirical basis for longitudinal analyses of individuals’ educational careers and competencies and how they unfold over the life course in relation to family, formal educational institutions, and private life. Educational developments and decisions over the life span are being tracked in six starting cohorts as a foundation for characterizing and analyzing educational processes. These six starting cohorts include newborns, Kindergarten children, secondary school children (5th and 9th grade), first-year undergraduate students, and adults. Because access to the target population in several starting cohorts was gained via educational institutions such as Kindergartens and schools, multistage sampling approaches were implemented that reflect the clustered structure of the target populations. Samples in individual contexts, such as those in the adult and newborn cohorts, were established via register-based stratified cluster approaches. This chapter briefly reviews the designs of the implemented sampling strategies for each established starting cohort and provides information on the levels of attrition in the panel development.

Keywords

Panel study Multistage sampling Explicit and implicit stratification Nonresponse 

Zusammenfassung

Die Forschungsintention des Nationalen Bildungspanels zielt auf die Bereitstellung der empirischen Grundlagen für eine fundierte längsschnittliche Analyse individueller Bildungsverläufe ab. Insbesondere steht die Abbildung individueller Kompetenzentwicklungen, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des persönlichen und familiären Hintergrundes, sowie der Beziehung zu formalen Bildungsinstitutionen im Vordergrund. Zur Charakterisierung und Analyse von Bildungsentwicklungen und -entscheidungen über den gesamten Bildungsverlauf wurden bisher sechs Startkohorten etabliert. Diese Startkohorten sind jeweils als Zufallsstichproben aus den Kohorten der Neugeborenen, Kindern in Kindergärten, Kindern in der Sekundarstufe an allgemeinbildenden Schulen (fünfte und neunte Jahrgangsstufe), Erstsemesterstudierenden und Erwachsenen gebildet worden. Da für etliche dieser Startkohorten des Nationalen Bildungspanels der Zugang zu den Zielpopulationen im institutionellen Kontext von Kindergärten und Schulen erfolgt, beruhen die entsprechenden Stichprobenziehungsverfahren auf einer mehrstufigen Zufallsauswahl, durch welche die institutionellen Gegebenheiten beim Feldzugang berücksichtigt werden können. Für Stichproben, bei denen die Erhebungen im individuellen Kontext stattfinden, erfolgt die Zufallsauswahl im Rahmen von registergestützten Klumpenstichproben. Die zur Anwendung gekommenen Stichprobenziehungsverfahren werden kurz dargestellt und Informationen zum bisherigen Panelverlauf gegeben.

Schlüsselwörter

Panelstudie Mehrstufige zufallsauswahl Explizite und implizite stratifizierung Ausfallanalysen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Aßmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hans Walter Steinhauer
    • 2
  • Ariane Würbach
    • 2
  • Sabine Zinn
    • 2
  • Angelina Hammon
    • 2
  • Hans Kiesl
    • 3
  • Götz Rohwer
    • 4
  • Susanne Rässler
    • 1
  • Hans-Peter Blossfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BambergBambergGermany
  2. 2.Leibniz Institute for Educational TrajectoriesBambergGermany
  3. 3.Regensburg University of Applied SciencesRegensburgGermany
  4. 4.University of BochumBochumGermany

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