Religion, war and peace
In contemporary research, it is a common misconception (e.g. Ayres 2000; Bussmann et.al. 2009; Gallagher 2003, 2005; Herrmann 1996; Huntington 1993; Kepel 1994; Krech 1997; McTernan 2003; Sampson 1997; Scott 2000; see also Ellingsen 2000; Tusicisny 2004) to connect the rise in the number of religious conflicts worldwide with the end of the Cold War era. As Fox points out in his longitudinal cross-analyses of the State Failure (SF) and Minorities at Risk (MAR) datasets, violent conflicts with a religious component were already on the rise long before the breakdown of the Soviet Union. The respective turning points are 1965 in SF and the early 1980s according to MAR (Fox 2004:723ff).
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