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Restrukturierung des west - europäischen Parteienwettbewerbs in der großen Rezession

  • Hanspeter KriesiEmail author
  • Swen Hutter
  • Jasmine Lorenzini
Chapter
Part of the Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft book series (VGPO)

Zusammenfassung

Der Parteienwettbewerb hat sich in Nordwesteuropa seit den 1980er Jahren sowohl mit Blick auf die Inhalte als auch die Akteurskonfiguration stark gewandelt. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser langfristigen Veränderungen konzentriert sich der vorliegende Beitrag auf die Frage, welche Auswirkungen die große Rezession und die Eurokrise auf die Strukturierung des Parteienwettbewerbs hatten: Dienten sie als Katalysator für einen Wandel, der sich bereits lange vor der Krise abgezeichnet hat? Oder haben sie die langfristigen Trends vielmehr umgekehrt und konstituieren sie einen neue „kritische Wende“ in der Entwicklung des nationalen politischen Raums in Nordwesteuropa? Im vorliegenden Beitrag versuchen wir, diese Fragen anhand einer Analyse der Strukturierung des Parteienwettbewerbs auf der politischen Angebotsseite von sechs Ländern, im Zeitraum von den 1970er Jahren bis zum Frühling 2015, zu beantworten. Die untersuchten Länder sind Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, die Niederlande, Österreich und die Schweiz. Insgesamt dominiert in unseren Resultaten die Kontinuität. Die Krise hat zwar Konflikte zu wirtschaftlichen Fragen in allen Ländern außer Frankreich verstärkt, aber zu einem deutlichen Wandel ist es nicht gekommen. Wenn dann haben sich die langfristigen Trends eher verstärkt als umgedreht.

Schlagworte

Parteienwettbewerb Europa Politisierung Salienz Polarisierung Finanzkrise Eurokrise 

Abstract

Party competition has fundamentally changed in Northwestern Europe since the 1980s both in terms of its content and its actors’ configuration. In view of these long-term transformations, the present chapter deals with the impact of the Great Recession and the Euro crisis on the structuration of party competition: Have they served as a catalyst for changes that were underway long before the crisis hit Europe? Alternatively, have they been reversing long-term trends and may, therefore, constitute a new critical juncture in the transformation of the national political space in Northwestern Europe? To answer these questions, we study the structuration of party competition on the supply side in six countries for the period from the 1970s to spring 2015. The countries covered by the analysis are Austria, France, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Overall, our results point to continuity. Apart from France, the crisis has increased conflicts over economic conflicts to some extent. However, we do not observe strong change – if at all, then the long-term trends have rather been reinforced than reversed.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanspeter Kriesi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Swen Hutter
    • 1
  • Jasmine Lorenzini
    • 1
  1. 1.European University InstituteS. Domenico di FiesoleItalien

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