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Die Politisierung der Europäischen Union und die Rolle der Parteien

Konzeptionelle Grundlagen, Desiderate und Perspektiven
  • Lisa H. AndersEmail author
  • Henrik Scheller
  • Thomas Tuntschew
Chapter
Part of the Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft book series (VGPO)

Zusammenfassung

Seit einigen Jahren befasst sich die Europaforschung intensiv mit der Politisierung der Europäischen Union. Diverse Publikationen fragen nach den Ursachen, Ausprägungen und möglichen Folgen dieses Phänomens. Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, in diesen Forschungsstrang einzuführen. Zunächst erläutern wir das Konzept der Politisierung und beschreiben gängige Operationalisierungen. Anschließend grenzen wir die Politisierungsforschung von der Forschung zur europäischen Öffentlichkeit ab und widmen uns den Ursachen des Phänomens. Hierzu erläutern wir die Autoritätstransferhypothese und Erklärungsansätze, die stärker auf die Bedeutung politischer Akteure für Politisierungsprozesse abheben. Sodann diskutieren wir die Rolle politischer Parteien in Politisierungsprozessen und skizzieren die Debatte über die Politisierungsfolgen. Abschließend fassen wir zentrale Befunde der Politisierungsforschung zusammen, benennen Forschungsdesiderate und geben einen Überblick der Beiträge des Bandes.

Abstract

In recent years the European Union and its policies have become the objects of intensified and controversial public debates. A growing body of literature continues to analyze and discuss the causes, forms and patterns as well as the possible consequences of these politicization processes. This chapter provides an in-depth overview of the state of the art of EU-politicization research. In the first section, we introduce the concept of politicization and explain how it is commonly operationalized in empirical research. We then discuss the differences and commonalities found in EU-politicization research and the rich body of literature on the European public sphere. Next, we present different explanations of EU-politicization and discuss the role of political parties in politicization processes. Finally, we summarize the main findings of politicization research, identify remaining research desiderata, and provide an overview of the chapters in this book.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa H. Anders
    • 1
    Email author
  • Henrik Scheller
    • 2
  • Thomas Tuntschew
    • 3
  1. 1.Universität LeipzigLeipzigDeutschland
  2. 2.Deutsches Institut für UrbanistikBerlinDeutschland
  3. 3.PotsdamDeutschland

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