Development of participation in early childhood education and care in Europe in relation to social inequality and migration

  • Nora JehlesEmail author


Institutions of Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) – also known as preschools – became a highly regarded instrument for employment, family, population and social policy in European countries. ECEC are formal, institutionalized opportunities for children from birth until the start of the school and they are the first elements in the educational system. The participation of families in ECEC should support the work-life balance, especially from women, and should promote gender equality (European Council 2002: 47).


Parental Education Legal Framework Early Childhood Education Social Deprivation Immigrant Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zentrum für interdisziplinäre RegionalforschungRuhr-Universität BochumBochumDeutschland

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