Massive Open Online Courses and Big Data: A Metamorphosis of the Academic World?
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) were acclaimed by many journalists and academic writers as a means by which people from underdeveloped countries can be provided with higher education. However, it has turned out that the majority of MOOC students are people who have already attained higher education degrees. Nevertheless, both MOOC enrolment and MOOC provision have grown almost exponentially in the last four or five years. Many experts say that European countries seriously lag behind in MOOC adoption without delivering evidence. I therefore compare and evaluate the numbers of published MOOCs and their topical diversity to evaluate the market shares of Austrian, German, and US universities to determine whether there is a need for action in the middle European countries.
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