Discussion and Conclusions
The case study findings demonstrate that transnational urban South-North cooperation on low carbon transitions is possible and is emerging in various institutional forms. In addition to more traditional twinning arrangements, cities also connect in ad hoc and project-oriented partnerships, which can be driven and moderated by external moderators such as the GIZ or ICLEI. The data however points to key challenges that remain in transnational urban partnerships.
KeywordsSocial Capital Smart City External Moderator Urban Climate Development Cooperation
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