Approaches for release and product life cycle modeling



From a historical perspective release and emission estimations mainly focused on the release of chemicals or on emissions from technical processes (KEMI 2004; Fissan et al. 2013), which is why no method is directly available for NOAA release estimation (see chapter 2). Moreover, it has also become apparent that the life cycle perspective is a crucial aspect for releases of NOAAs during the product lifespan (Som et al. 2010a). The life cycle stages characterize different types of situational contexts that influence the NOAAs or nano-enhanced products (Mitrano et al. 2015).


Surfactant Hydrolysis Migration Filtration Hydroxyl 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Technological Design and Development, Faculty of Production EngineeringUniversity of BremenBremenGermany

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