Sustainable Disaster Resilience? Tensions Between Socio-economic Recovery and Built Environment Post-disaster Reconstruction in Abruzzo (Italy)

Chapter
Part of the Studien zur Resilienzforschung book series (STRE)

Abstract

Cities are the most resilient humans’ artefact, and this is due to their socio-economic capacities to persist shock and stresses. However, sometimes cities do persist but at the cost of losing key functions and modifying their development trajectories. One of the challenges of disaster resilience is indeed to merge built environment reconstruction and socio-economic (re)development. This chapter aims to explore how to do that in the difficult circumstances of the territories which are losing populations, with ageing societies and economic stagnation. In order to do that, different municipalities of the Abruzzo region are taken as study cases. In 2009 the region was shocked by a severe earthquake, destroying L’Aquila city and surrounding 56 minor centres (44 of these been labelled from the Italian Government as “inner areas”, definition that indicates towns that don’t have a direct access to essential services such as secondary education or emergency care hospitals). The study analyses 18 post-earthquake reconstruction plans in the light of the legislative framework and the status quo 6 years after the disaster. Results emphasise a set of paradoxes and challenges in the application of the normative framework, which aims at the broadest, integrated, long-term socio-economic recovery, but at the same time limiting the space for innovation and actions beyond the built environment reconstruction. However, the out-of-ordinary opportunity offered from the reconstruction funds hides the still potential for building new patterns of development, that need to be tackled by addressing the tensions highlighted in this chapter.

Keywords

Marketing Coherence Geophysics OECD Metaphor 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social Sciences UnitGran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI)L’AquilaItaly
  2. 2.ESARQ School of ArchitectureInternational University of Catalonia (UIC)BarcelonaSpain

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