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Eine wilde und unordentliche Demokratie: Wahlen und Gewalt in der amerikanischen Geschichte

  • Manfred BergEmail author
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Zusammenfassung

Demokratie wird heute weithin als gewaltfreie politische Ordnung betrachtet, die eine friedliche Austragung von Machtkämpfen gewährleistet. Die Praxis demokratischer Systeme in Geschichte und Gegenwart entspricht diesem Ideal freilich nur sehr bedingt. Dies gilt auch für die USA, wo Betrug, Gewalt und Einschüchterung seit dem frühen 19. Jahrhundert eine regelmäßige Begleiterscheinung von Wahlen waren. Dieser Essay skizziert die verschiedenen Formen „elektoraler Gewalt“ und analysiert die Gründe für das relativ hohe Gewaltniveau in der amerikanischen Wahlgeschichte anhand der Kategorien von race, class und gender. Abschließend diskutiert der Beitrag die Frage, warum die elektorale Gewalt in den USA seit dem frühen 20. Jahrhundert kontinuierlich zurückging.

Schlüsselwörter

Gewalt in den USA Wahlbetrug in den USA Rassismus und Wahlen Lynchjustiz Gewaltmonopol 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HeidelbergDeutschland

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