Roles for regulators in electric Vehicle‐Grid Integration
California’s principal energy agencies are currently establishing the policy and regulatory foundations for the widespread transformation of the transportation sector to one that is powered by decarbonized electricity. Executive orders and legislation established the basic frameworks needed to deploy vehicle technologies that serve the complementary goals to reduce transportation-related criteria air pollution in nonattainment air quality districts 80 % from current levels by 2030 and greenhouse gas emissions statewide 80 % below 1990 levels by 2050. In support of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and California Energy Commission (CEC), the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) develops utility policies in four broad program categories, consistent with milestones set forth in orders and law:
● Coordinating the buildout of infrastructure to charge 1 million ZEV by 2020;
● Encouraging vehicle adoption such that 1.5 million ZEVs are driven on roads by 2025;
● Designing rates and incentives for low carbon fuels to halve petroleum use by 2030; and
● Utilizing Vehicle-Grid Integration technologies to use transportation energy as a resource that facilitates a 50 % renewable electricity system by 2030.
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