Cosmology and Theology

Some Mistakes in the Cosmological Case Against God
  • Fabrice Pataut
Part of the Technikzukünfte, Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft / Futures of Technology, Science and Society book series (TEWG)


Cosmological results yield philosophical conclusions only with the help of extra-philosophical premises that must be grounded on non-question-begging arguments. I argue that in the cosmology case, the argument from cosmology to anti-theism is such that the philosophical juice would have to be supplied by an inference to the best explanation whose role is to justify the thesis that one may dispense with God in explanations of the existence of the universe. Problems abound with both in a case of extra-disciplinary transgression. My conclusion is accordingly negative: No genuine inference is provided here and no dispensability thesis offered an adequate ground. I argue that no additional premise may provide a bona fide argument with (i) either a scientific principle or some cosmological data among the premises, and (ii) an anti-theistic philosophical claim as a conclusion. The relevant details of converse arguments in favor of indispensability theses based on inferences to the best explanation are taken into consideration, and so are stronger reasons, put forward by Immanuel Kant and Gottlob Frege, to reject the theistic claim within the confines of philosophy. Concluding remarks are offered to the effect that a genuine philosophical challenge emerges from Lawrence Krauss’ and Robert Scherrer’s claim regarding the return to a static universe. If they are right, we know now that we would have held in the past the false belief that the universe is static and that we would be holding the very same false belief in the future, when we know, although only as a matter of sheer luck, that it is indeed expanding.


Cosmology Dispensability arguments God (existence of) Inference to the best explanation Krauss (Lawrence) Theology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ParisFrance

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