Ethnic, Religious and Class-Based Civil Conflicts
The first part of this book focuses on national political exclusion and rebel support along identity lines, namely ethnic, religious or class-based ideological lines, as well as any combination thereof. In this context, political exclusion or discrimination refers to actions of the government that exempt certain parts of the population from the distribution of governmental resources. Political exclusion is the reverse of political inclusion or favoritism, referring to governmental actions that privilege and support certain parts of the population (Grim and Finke 2006, 15f.).