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Conventional electronics has reached over the past few years a fundamental limit, which restricts the clock speed from significantly exceeding 3.5 GHz [1, 2] (see Fig. 1.1). To overcome this limitation, the control of electronic motion in signal processing by light pulses has been proposed [3] and called lightwave electronics. The period of light lies on the order of 1 fs, which would allow clock speeds 5-6 orders of magnitude faster than current state-of-the-art conventional electronics.


Surface Plasmon Polariton Clock Speed Attosecond Pulse Collective Electron Conventional Electronic 
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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Attosecond PhysicsMax-Planck Institute of Quantum OpticsGarchingGermany

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