Pasar Gambir of Batavia: Hybrid Architecture and Space of Encounter for the Indies People
Around the early twentieth century in the Dutch East Indies, one could observe three important changes in society: a development of a consumer society, a cultural ascendancy of the middle class, and a quest for a suitable cultural form for the new urban society. These phenomena were the result of a growing number of commercial businesses in the colony that created a growing number of middle class people. Parallel to the new opportunity in business, there was also the Dutch Ethical Policy that had created an opportunity for a limited number of local people to be educated in a modern education system, enabling them to join the modern Dutch lifestyle. Progresses and social changes, in turn, had triggered a keener cultural awareness of the educated Dutch people living in the Indies to better understand the colony. Previously they had lived only according to the Dutch’s way of life and had neglected unique local conditions. Those Dutch people, some of whom had been born in the Indies, understood that customs of the motherland did not always translate well to the Indies. Thus, it was necessary to foster a suitable cultural form fitted the new society.
KeywordsLocal People Hybrid Architecture Main Entrance Consumer Society Electric Light
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