Die Wirkung der Wahlbeteiligung auf das politische Interesse von Erstwählern

Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Eine gängige Hypothese der partizipativen Demokratietheorie lautet, dass die vielfältige Beteiligung von Bürgern am politischen Prozess deren politisches Interesse und deren politischen Kompetenzen erhöht. Wir testen diese Hypothese am Beispiel der Wirkung der Beteiligung an Wahlen auf das politische Interesse von Erstwählern. Als Datenbasis dienen Individualdaten aus 13 Demokratien seit 1977, unter Anderem Befragungsdaten zu neun Bundestagswahlen zwischen 1983 und 2013. Ein Regressionsdiskontinuitätsdesign, das einen kausalen Wahlbeteiligungseffekt an der Altersschwelle zur Wahlberechtigung von jungen Erwachsenen identifiziert, zeigt einen deutlichen Effekt der Wahlbeteiligung auf das politische Interesse, der jedoch etwa sechs Monate nach der Wahl wieder verschwunden ist. Dieses empirische Muster zeigt sich in den deutschen, als auch den internationalen Parlamentswahlen.

Schlüsselwörter

Wahlbeteiligung Politisches Interesse Regressionsdiskontinuität Erstwähler Bundestagswahlen Wahlalter 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sozio-oekonomisches Panel (SOEP), DIW BerlinBerlinDeutschland
  2. 2.Humboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinDeutschland
  3. 3.Graduate School of Decision SciencesUniversität KonstanzKonstanzDeutschland

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