AiKiDô pp 137-155 | Cite as

Aikido and Mediation

  • Donald N. Levine
Part of the Elicitiva – Friedensforschung und Humanistische Psychologie book series (EFHP)


In the course of human evolution, much thought and energy have gone into improving techniques by which parties with opposed interests have carried out conflicts. The most dramatic arena of such improvements has concerned the instruments of combat: from stone to iron knives and spears, from plain to poison-tipped arrows, from slingshots to guns, from rifles to artillery, from man-powered bombers to automatized drones, from ballistic bombs to chemical bombs to atomic bombs. The organization of combatants has also evolved: from bands of tribesmen to hordes, from ad hoc fighters to trained warrior strata, from feudal legions to massive armies.


Conflict Resolution Dispute Resolution Alternative Dispute Resolution Civil Litigation Constructive Conflict 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald N. Levine
    • 1
  1. 1.Chigago (IL)USA (deceased)

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