Assessing domestic responses to the EU conditionality

  • Anitta M. Hipper


After decades of external democracy promotion in post-communist democracies, the outcomes of externally led reform processes have yielded mixed results. In exploring domestic responses to external conditionality, Romania serves as an excellent case study for in-depth research, allowing one to trace the variation in domestic responses. With the help of process tracing, the time span of over two decades (1989-2012) helps to establish a clear delimitation of the outcomes and to explore the fluctuations in a multi-layered domestic context. The drawn-out time span also facilitated an exploration of the ground rules and patterns of actions within which domestic actors were socialized in the Romanian political context long before the emergence of the external actor, the EU.


External Actor Veto Player Judicial Independence Domestic Response Judicial Reform 
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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Avenue Adolphe Lacomblé 52 (Box 5)Schaerbeek-BrusselsBelgium

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