Four major strands of literature form the starting point of the theoretical framework ex-plaining the contents and dynamics of party communication: theories of party competition, agenda-setting, representation, and Europeanization. In Figure 1, I depict the various, bi-directional relationships between the communication of competing parties, parliamentary activities, public opinion, and the European Union for the case of Germany.
KeywordsPolitical Party European Level Policy Field Opposition Parti Political Parti
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