As it has been mentioned in the introductory chapter, partisan theory constitutes the main theoretical concept that is tested in this analysis. And for answering the question to which degree the partisanship of different governments influences policy content, an understanding of parties and their ideology is essential. Thus, some theoretical issues need to be pointed out: What is the ideology of different parties made of and where does it come from? What exactly are the concrete policy preferences that parties have?
In an attempt to answer these questions, this chapter briefly reviews the role of ideology for parties and the main types of party behaviour.
KeywordsPolicy Preference Party System Policy Position Public Ownership Political Preference
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