Liability for Judicial Breaches of European Law
Not only can Member States be held responsible for infringements of Community law arising out of legislative and executive acts, but also out of judicial acts. The Court confirmed the latter in 2003 in the case of Gerhard Köbler, an Austrian university professor, who had been in employment with the University of Innsbruck under a public law contract. His contract with the university guaranteed him the wage of an ordinary university professor with a normal length-of-service increment.
KeywordsMember State National Court Domestic Court Supreme Court Preliminary Ruling
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