The Seminal Francovich Judgment on State Liability
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The case of Francovich arose from the fact that Italy had been in breach of its Community obligation to implement Directive 80/987, which unified domestic provisions pertaining to the protection of employees in the event that their employers went bankrupt. The directive obliged Member States to make necessary arrangements to ensure the payment of unsettled claims by employees arising from working contracts or employer-to-employee relationships.
KeywordsMember State National Court Legal Order Private Party State Liability
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