In Chapter 2 and Chapter 3, the basic decision problems in the operational transportation planning of freight forwarding companies are introduced. If own disposable vehicles are used for the request fulfillment, the forwarders have to solve the vehicle routing and scheduling problems. The requests have to be assigned to different trucks, and for each truck, the order of the visits at the customer nodes assigned to this truck has to be specifed. This topic is discussed in this chapter. The focus of the discussion lies in the PDP, which is considered as the basic routing problem for the study of the transportation planning in the context of IOTP and CTP in later chapters.
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