Challenging ‘Common Knowledge’ in Tourism – A Partial Polemic

  • Pietro Beritelli
  • Thomas Bieger
  • Christian Laesser
  • Andreas Wittmer
Chapter

Abstract

Tourism research as well as practice is very heterogeneous, due to its different cultural roots and dominant business patterns. Despite this heterogeneity, dominant intellectual avenues in a number of domains have emerged. As a result, we today are essentially stuck in a sort of trenches. In our paper, we try to identify some of those intellectual trenches and call for/ propose ways to get out of them. They include, among others, topics related to consumer behaviour, destination management, and sustainable tourism. Although we try to provide evidence for our claims, we might appear polemic at times, as we intend to provide contentious arguments about sometimes very controversial topics.

Keywords

Covariance Transportation Marketing Beach Trench 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ajzen, I., & Driver, B. (1992). Application of the theory of planned behavior to leisure choice. Journal of Leisure Research, 24(3), 207–224.Google Scholar
  2. Beatty, S.E., & Ferrell, M.E. (1998). Impulse buying: modeling its precursors. Journal of Retailing, 74(2), 169–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Becker, G. S. (1965). A Theory of the Allocation of Time. The Economic Journal, 75(299), 493–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beirman, David (2003). Restoring Tourism Destinations in Crisis: A Strategic Marketing Approach. CABI PublishingGoogle Scholar
  5. Beldona, S., Morrison, A.M., O’Leary, J. (2005). Online shopping motivations and pleasure travel products: a correspondence analysis. Tourism Management, 26(4), 561–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beritelli, P., Bieger, T., & Laesser, C. (2007). Destination governance: using corporate governance theories as a foundation for effective destination management. Journal of Travel Research, 46(1), 96–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beritelli, P., Bieger, T., & Laesser, C. (2013b). The New Frontiers of Destination Management: Applying Variable Geometry as a Function-Based Approach. Journal of Travel Research, 0047287513506298.Google Scholar
  8. Beritelli, P., Laesser, Ch., Reinhold, S., Kappler, A. (2013a). Das St. Galler Modell für Destinationsmanagement. St. Gallen: IMP.Google Scholar
  9. Bieger, T. (1998). Reengineering destination marketing organisations: The case of Switzerland. Tourism Review, 53(3), 4–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bieger, T., & Beritelli, P. (2012). Management von Destinationen. München & Wien: Oldenbourg.Google Scholar
  11. Bieger, Th., & Laesser, Ch. (2002) Travel Segmentation by Motivation — the Case of Switzerland. Journal of Travel Research, 41 (1), 68–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bieger, Th., & Laesser, Ch. (2004). Information sources for travel decisions: toward a source process model. Journal of Travel Research, 42(4), 357–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bolan, P., & Williams, L. (2008). The role of image in service promotion: focusing on the influence of film on consumer choice within tourism. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 32(4), 382–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Brundtland, G. H. (1987). Report of the World Commission on environment and development:" our common future." United Nations.Google Scholar
  15. Buhalis, D. (2000). Marketing the competitive destination of the future. Tourism Management, 21(1), 97–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chon, K. S. (1990). The role of destination image in tourism: A review and discussion. Tourism Review, 45(2), 2–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Chon, K. S. (1991). Tourism destination image modification process: Marketing implications. Tourism Management, 12(1), 68–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Crompton, J. L. (1979). Motivations of pleasure vacation. Annals of Tourism Research, 6(4), 408–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Crouch, G. I. (2011). Destination competitiveness: an analysis of determinant attributes. Journal of Travel Research, 50(1), 27–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Decrop, A. (2010). Destination choice sets: an inductive longitudinal approach. Annals of Tourism Research, 37 (1), 93–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Decrop, A., & Snelders, D. (2005). A grounded typology of vacation decisionmaking. Tourism Management, 26(2), 121–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dijksterhuis, A., Smith, P. K., Van Baaren, R. B., & Wigboldus, D. H. (2005). The unconscious consumer: Effects of environment on consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 15(3), 193–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Finsterwalder, J., & Laesser, C. (2013). Segmenting outbound tourists based on their activities: toward experiential consumption spheres in tourism services?. Tourism Review, 68(3), 2–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Flagestad, A., & Hope, C. A. (2001). "Scandinavian Winter"; Antecedents, concepts and empirical observations underlying a destination umbrella branding model. Tourism Review, 56(1/2), 5–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Galli, M., & Gorn, G. (2011). Unconscious transfer of meaning to brands. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 21(3), 215–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gartner, W. C., & Ruzzier, M. K. (2011). Tourism Destination Brand Equity Dimensions Renewal versus Repeat Market. Journal of Travel Research, 50(5), 471–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hong, W.Y., Thong, J.Y.L., Wai-Man, W., & Tam, K.Y. (2002). Determinants of user acceptance of digital libraries: an empirical examination of individual differences and system characteristics. Journal of Management Information Systems, 18(1), 97–124.Google Scholar
  28. Hughner, R. S., McDonagh, P., Prothero, A., Shultz, C. J., & Stanton, J. (2007). Who are organic food consumers? A compilation and review of why people purchase organic food. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 6(2‐3), 94–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hung, K., & Petrick, J. F. (2012). Testing the effects of congruity, travel constraints, and self-efficacy on travel intentions: An alternative decisionmaking model. Tourism Management, 33(4), 855–867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hyde, K., & Laesser, Ch. (2009). A structural theory of the vacation. Tourism Management, 30(2), 240–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ibrahim, E. E., & Gill, J. (2005). A positioning strategy for a tourist destination, based on analysis of customers’ perceptions and satisfactions. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 23(2), 172–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Laesser, Ch., & Beritelli, P. (2013). St. Gallen Consensus on Destination Management. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 2(1), 46–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Laesser, Ch., & Dolnicar, S.  (2012) Impulse purchasing in tourism – learnings from a study in a matured market. Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, 23(2), 268–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Laesser, Ch., & Jäger, S. (2001). Tourism in the new economy. Tourism growth and global competition. St. Gallen: AIEST.Google Scholar
  35. Laesser, Ch., & Reinhold, S. (2013). Finanzierung des OeV in der Schweiz: Was zahlt der Nutzer, was die Allgemeinheit? 1. Arbeitsbericht. Schriftenreihe SBB Lab, Vol. 006, St. Gallen: SBB Lab.Google Scholar
  36. Laesser, Ch., & Zehrer, A. (2012). Tell me who you think you are and I tell you how you travel. Exploring the viability of market segmentation by means of travelers’ stated personality: Insights from a mature market (Switzerland). Tourism Analysis, 17(3), 285–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lancaster, K. J. (1966). A new approach to consumer theory. The Journal of Political Economy, 74(2), 132–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ledger, M., & Roth, A. (1980). Publish or perish. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 12(3), 24–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lockie, S., Lyons, K., Lawrence, G., & Mummery, K. (2002). Eating ‘green’: motivations behind organic food consumption in Australia. Sociologia Ruralis, 42(1), 23–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lundberg, D. E. (1971). Why Tourists Travel. Cornell HRA Quarterly, February, 75–81.Google Scholar
  41. MacInnis, D.J., Moorman, C., & Jaworski, B.J. (1991). Enhancing consumers’ motivation, ability, and opportunity to process brand information from ads: Conceptual framework and managerial implications. Journal of Marketing, 55(1), 32–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Maggi, R., & Padurean, L. (2009). Higher tourism education in English–where and why?. Tourism Review, 64(1), 48–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Martin, D. (2010). Uncovering unconscious memories and myths for understanding international tourism behavior. Journal of Business Research, 63(4), 372–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Martin, D., & Woodside, A. G. (2012). Structure and process modeling of seemingly unstructured leisure-travel decisions and behavior. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 24(6), 855–872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mayeres, I., Ochelen, S., & Proost, S. (1996). The marginal external costs of urban transport. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 1(2), 111–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Meadows, D. H., Meadows, D. H., Randers, J., & Behrens III, W. W. (1972). The Limits to Growth: A Report to The Club of Rome (1972). Universe Books, New York.Google Scholar
  47. Nordgren, L. F., Bos, M. W., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2011). The best of both worlds: Integrating conscious and unconscious thought best solves complex decisions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47(2), 509–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Northcote, J., & Macbeth, J. (2006). Conceptualizing yield: sustainable tourism management. Annals of Tourism Research, 33(1), 199–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Nyberg, L. (2002). Accounting for accessibility changes at a regional destination. A follow-up of transport improvements to Bornholm.: The 37th Tourist Research Centre Meeting 21–24 March, Barcelona.Google Scholar
  50. Palmer, A., & Bejou, D. (1995). Tourism destination marketing alliances. Annals of Tourism Research, 22(3), 616–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Pearce, D. G. (2013). Toward an Integrative Conceptual Framework of Destinations. Journal of Travel Research.Google Scholar
  52. Pechlaner, H., Raich, F., & Beritelli, P. (2010). Special Issue: Destination governance. Tourism Review, 65(4), 4–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Peeters, P. M. (2013). Developing a long-term global tourism transport model using a behavioural approach: implications for sustainable tourism policy making. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(7), 1049–1069.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Ritchie, J. R. B., & Crouch, G. I. (2003). The competitive destination [electronic resource]: a sustainable tourism perspective. Cabi.Google Scholar
  55. Rook, D.W. (1987). The buying impulse. Journal of Consumer Research, 14(2), 189–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tay, R., McCarthy, P.S., & Fletcher J.J. (1996). A portfolio choice model of the demand for recreational trips. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 30(5), 325–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tran, X., & Ralston, L. (2006). Tourist preferences influence of unconscious needs. Annals of Tourism Research, 33(2), 424–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Uriely, N., Ram, Y., & Malach-Pines, A. (2011). Psychoanalytic sociology of deviant tourist behavior. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(3), 1051–1069.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Verhoef, E. (1994). External effects and social costs of road transport. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 28(4), 273–287.Google Scholar
  60. Wan, N. Q., & Zhang, L. S. (2010). A Forecasting Model of Tourism Destination Market Scale Based on the Gravitation Model. Journal of Henan University (Natural Science), 40(1), 45–49.Google Scholar
  61. Wehrli, R., Egli, H., Lutzenberger, M., Pfister, D., Schwarz, J., & Stettler, J. (2011). Is there Demand for Sustainable Tourism?–Study for the World Tourism Forum Lucerne 2011†. ITW Working Paper Series Tourism 001/2011, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts.Google Scholar
  62. Woodside, A.G., & Lysonski S. (1989). A general model of traveler destination choice. Journal of Travel Research, 27(2), 8–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yuan, S., & McDonald, C. (1990). Motivational determinants of international pleasure time. Journal of Travel Research, 28(2), 7–13.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pietro Beritelli
    • 1
  • Thomas Bieger
    • 1
  • Christian Laesser
    • 1
  • Andreas Wittmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Systematic Management and Public GovernanceUniversity of St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations