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Gendered Transnational Labour Migration: Solution or Dilemma for Nation-States?

  • Minna-Kristiina Ruokonen-Engler
Chapter
Part of the Politikwissenschaftliche Paperbacks book series (POLWIPB)

Résumé

Les processus de la mondialisation économique et de la transnationalisation constituent des défis immenses pour les Etats nationaux qui se voient de plus en plus confrontés à une migration transnationale vers des «villes globales» d’une main-d’œuvre qui est pour partie titulaire d’une excellente formation et pour une autre partie sans aucune qualification. La question est de savoir comment les Etats nationaux, dont les intérêts se concentraient historiquement sur la protection des droits de leurs citoyens, répondent aux changements sociaux qu’entraine cette migration transnationale de travailleurs. Il semblerait que les Etats nationaux continuent à jouer un rôle crucial quant au contrôle de l’ampleur et à la structure de cette migration de travailleurs. La question est de savoir comment ces régulations influent sur la division du travail dans une perspective globale et quelle sorte d’impact elles ont sur la répartition des genres dans les pays d’origine et de destination. Sur la base d’exemples tirés de recherches portant sur la main-d’œuvre originaire d’Europe, d’Asie et d’Amérique du Nord, je démontre comment l’Allemagne et le Canada font face aux travailleurs transnationaux à l’aide de régulations d’immigration. Je considère la migration transnationale de travailleurs dans la double perspective, à la fois d’une solution économique et d’un dilemme socioethnique auxquels les Etats nationaux sont confrontés. En même temps, il semble que la circulation transnationale de travailleurs (non)contrôlée (re)produit les inégalités des genres tant au niveau national qu’au niveau transnational.

Keywords

Labour Market Labour Migration Domestic Worker Labour Shortage Global City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich Gesellschaftswissenschaften, Institut für SoziologieGoethe-UniversitätFrankfurt am MainGermany

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