Citation patterns in educational research

  • Fredrik Åström


The purpose of this study is to investigate citation structures in educational research; and also, to study the visibility of European educational research. Bibliometric analyses are performed on data from Web of Science, the EERQI Content Base and Google Scholar, investigating both characteristics of publications through frequencies and distributions, as well as citation structures through cocitation analyses. The results show fragmented citation patterns presenting little opportunity to detect robust evidence of visibility or impact of contemporary educational research on any level of aggregation other than field level. This should be interpreted considering the diverse nature of educational research, and an organization of the field that differs from a strong norm, not the least in research evaluation programs, of research essentially being a cumulative process.


Educational Research Citation Analysis Scholarly Communication Citation Pattern Cocitation Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Åström, Fredrik (2007): Changes in the LIS research front. Time-sliced cocitation analyses of LIS journal articles, 1990–2004. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58(7), 947–957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Åström, Fredrik, and Sándor, Ágnes (2009): Models of Scholarly Communication and Citation Analysis. In: B. Larsen, Birger and J. Leta, Jaqueline (Eds.): ISSI 2009: The 12th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics. Rio de Janeiro: BIREME/ PAHO/WHO & Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 10–21.Google Scholar
  3. Bradford, Samuel C. (1934): Sources of Information on Specific Subjects. Engineering, 137(Jan 26), 85–86.Google Scholar
  4. Butler, Linda and Visser, Martijn S. (2006): Extending citation analysis to nonsource items. Scientometrics, 66(2), 327–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Danell, Rickard (2001). Internationalization and homogenization. A bibliometric study of international management research. Umeå: University. Diss.Google Scholar
  6. De Nooy, Wouter, Mrvar, Andrej, and Batagelj, Vladimir (2011): Exploratory Social Network Analysis with Pajek. Cambridge: University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fairthorne, Robert A. (1969): Empirical Hyperbolic Distributions (Bradford- Zipf-Mandelbrot) for Bibliometric Description and Prediction. Journal of Documentation, 25(4), 319–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gogolin, Ingrid (2012): Introduction. In: Gogolin, Ingrid, and Åström, Fredrik (Eds.): Assessing quality in European education research. Indicators and approaches. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, xx-yy.Google Scholar
  9. Hammarfelt, Björn (2011): Interdisciplinarity and the intellectual base of literature studies. Citation analysis of highly cited monographs. Scientometrics, 86(3), 705–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hellqvist, Björn (2010): Referencing in the humanities and its implications for citation analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(2), 310–318.Google Scholar
  11. Kamada, Tomihisa, and Kawai, Satoru (1989): An algorithm for drawing general undirected graphs. Information Processing Letters, 31, 7–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Merton, Robert K. (1968): The Matthew effect in Science. Science, 159(3810), 56–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Persson, Olle (2001): All author co-citations versus first author co-citations. Scientometrics, 50(2), 339–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Persson, Olle, Danell, Rickard and Schneider, Jesper W. (2009): How to use a Bibexcel for various types of bibliometric analysis. In: Åström, Fredrik et al (Eds.): Celebrating Scholarly Communication Studies. A Festschrift for Olle Persson at his 60th Birthday. International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics. Available at:
  15. White, Howard D. and, Belver C. (1981): Author co-citation. A literature measure of intellectual structure. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 32(3), 163–171.Google Scholar
  16. Whitley, Richard (2000): The intellectual and social organization of the sciences. Oxford: University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lund University LibrariesLundSweden

Personalised recommendations