Empirical Results

  • Bettina Sonnenberg


The empirical results are presented in this section. It begins by illustrating how social involvement is associated with basic socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics. This is done by replicating existing cross-sectional findings in the literature. Then, longitudinal models are used to address the hypotheses about the causal effects of unemployment on social involvement and the underlying pathways that mediate and moderate their relationships. As described in Chapter 4, it is hypothesized that unemployment negatively affects social involvement. Furthermore, material and non-material losses are assumed to mediate the negative impact of unemployment. Depending on social role expectations, people’s educational level and their previous social and occupational status, higher losses and lower (expected) rewards from social involvement are hypothesized to result in greater negative effects of unemployment.


Cultural Activity Mental Distress Volunteer Work Political Group Occupational Prestige 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bettina Sonnenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Freie UniversitätBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations