Inter-acculturation in Multi-cultural Settings, and in Territories in Transition

  • Maria Gabriella TrovatoEmail author
  • Aikaterini Gkoltsiou
  • Tal Alon-Mozes
  • Józef Hernik
  • Robert Dixon-Gough
  • Michał Uruszczak
Part of the RaumFragen: Stadt – Region – Landschaft book series (RFSRL)


Beirut is a cityscape of juxtaposed fragments that have lost value and collective identity. Dealing with complex and hybrid conditions demands a thorough understanding of the existing situation in all its spatial, social, cultural and political reality. And Beirut, in particular, demands a redefinition of what a ‘collective’ can refer to in a city where a violent civil conflict transformed a society into an awkward coexistence between opposing ideologies, ethnic groups and religions; “into a mosaic of human settlements based on religious affiliation, ethnicity and/or political loyalty” (Kabbani, 1998). Sectarian identity is still the chief axis dividing insider and outsider, creating a politico-sectarian landscape.


This paper aims to analyze the Greek landscape through the eyes of locals and tourists. A detailed literature review is conducted in order to identify the main landscape elements that are considered important by locals and tourists. The objectives are a) to analyze the Greek landscape through definitions given by Greek literature and legislation, b) to explore Greek people’s (locals, visitors) landscape consciousness, from the past until today, c) to assess the main landscape characteristics which are considered important to visit by tourists, d) to describe modern Greek landscape. Throughout this analysis we point out the relationship between Greeks and tourists with the Greek landscape, the ways by which Greeks can be more aware of their landscape and the European Landscape Convention (ELC) mechanisms that can be effectively implemented for the development of landscape consciousness.


The paper discusses the planning of Israeli national parks within the context of a multicultural society. It examines the history of two of its prominent parks from the melting pot era in which parks were considered as an instrumental mechanism in fostering unified national identity, to the contemporary era of multiculturalism in which parks mainly strengthen communities’ cohesiveness. Gan HaShlosha National Park and Zippori National Park serve as case studies for exploring the role of planning in shaping the Israeli landscape according to changing societal trends.


Multiculturalism can involve many elements from the tangible to the intangible. This paper addresses its concepts in a number of situations derived from Poland’s turbulent history. They range from Poland’s changing boundaries to religious and cultural differences that have, in the past been an accepted way of Polish Life. In contrast, the presentation also encompasses the problems of migration following WW2: the mass migration of Polish people from one area to another and the enforced migration of groups of workers to a new socialist city near to Kraków. The presentation also describes how those situations have been assimilated within the new Poland and how, out of multiculturalism has come stability


Urban Landscape Cultural Landscape Multicultural Society Landscape Architect Tourism Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Gabriella Trovato
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aikaterini Gkoltsiou
    • 2
  • Tal Alon-Mozes
    • 3
  • Józef Hernik
    • 4
  • Robert Dixon-Gough
    • 5
  • Michał Uruszczak
    • 4
  1. 1.BeirutLibanon
  2. 2.AthenGriechenland
  3. 3.HaifaIsrael
  4. 4.KrakówPolen
  5. 5.DagenhamUK

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