Supply Chain Planning and Demand Fulfillment
This chapter summarizes the background of the DMC problem. Moving from rather general aspects to more specific topics, Section 2.1 will start with an overview of supply chain planning (SCP). This section will be used to introduce the concept of hierarchical planning and to characterize the key relations between the individual SCP tasks.
Since the discussion in this thesis is limited to MTS environments, all production processes are driven by forecasts and final items are sold from stock.