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Organisationsstruktur, Organisationskultur, Organisationsklima und Innovation

Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Innovationsleistungen sind kritische Komponenten für den Wettbewerbsvorteil von Organisationen (Hamel 2006). Die Notwendigkeit für Innovationen ist von großer Bedeutung, da der heutige Markt oft sehr unsicher und komplex ist und sich sehr dynamisch verhält. Dies bedeutet für Organisationen, dass der Druck von außen und innen wächst und somit zur eigenen Überlebensfähigkeit eine schnellere Anpassung an die Marktbedingungen in Form von Innovationen erfolgen sollte (Teece 2011). In der Literatur werden zahlreiche Faktoren behandelt, die einen Einfluss auf die Innovationsfähigkeit von Organisationen haben (Crossan und Apaydin 2010). So werden auch die Organisationsstruktur, die Organisationskultur und das Organisationsklima als relevante Variablen diskutiert. In diesem Kapitel werden diese drei Konzepte näher beleuchtet und dargestellt, welche Aspekte der Organisationsstruktur, der Organisationskultur und des allgemeinen Organisationsklimas einen hemmenden, fördernden oder unterstützenden Effekt auf Innovationen in Organisationen haben. Daraus ergeben sich praktische Implikationen, in welcher Weise organisationale Rahmenbedingungen gestaltet werden könnten, um Innovationen in Organisationen zu ermöglichen. Darüber hinaus werden Schwachstellen zum aktuellen Forschungsstand aufgezeigt. Hinsichtlich einer tiefgreifenden Erläuterung der Begriffe der Innovation (z. B. Arten von Innovationen) sei auf das Kapitel von Krause in diesem Band verwiesen.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Unternehmensführung, Abteilung Personal, Führung und OrganisationAlpen-Adria Universität KlagenfurtKlagenfurt am WörtherseeÖsterreich

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