Past Theories and Research Results



A child’s ordinal place in the family has long been thought to have enduring implications for personality development and psychological well-being. The concept of birth order as a mechanism to understand children’s behaviour was formally developed by Alfred Adler (Adler, 1931), who thought that children’s positions in the family greatly influence their overall development and attitude toward life.


Depression Fenton 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Modern Teaching Technology (MOE)Shaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anP.R. China

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