The United Kingdom (UK) is one of Europe’s major producers of gas and oil. In the 1980s, the UK had an image as the ‘dirty man’ in Europe because its electric-ity sector was coal-based (Helm 2004; Collier 1998). After electricity privatiza-tion, the market share of British coal was no longer guaranteed and gas became attractive – the ‘dash for gas’ began. Combined-cycle gas turbines with efficien-cies of around 50 per cent were installed251. Between 1991 and 2006 the share of gross electricity generated by coal decreased from 64 per cent to 28 per cent, the share generated by gas increased from one per cent to 35 per cent (Eurostat 2009b: 98).
KeywordsEnergy Efficiency Climate Policy Policy Instrument Priority Group Energy Efficiency Measure
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