The Ergonomic Aspects of Articular Mechanics

  • M. A. MacConaill

Abstract

For the purposes of this paper we can define ergonomics as the science and art of adapting machines, workrooms, and work-processes to workers. Too often in earlier days the workers had to adapt themselves to other things with a consequent unhappiness at best and permanent ill-health at worst. One of the earliest attempts to deal with this problem was made by Jules Amar (1920), who was the Director of the Research Laboratory of Industrial Labour at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers in Paris. His classic, The Human Motor, was published in 1914 and issued in English in 1920. Later, and with increasing momentum since World War II, ergonomic studies and their application have become worldwide and have embraced the psychological as well as the physical aspects of the affair. The present paper deals with a limited part of this physical aspect alone.

Keywords

Fatigue Europe Adduct Pronas 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amar, J.: The human motor. London: George Routledge & Sons 1920.Google Scholar
  2. Barnett, C. H., D. V. Davies, and M. A. Macconaill: Synovial joints, their structure and mechanics. London: Longmans 1961.Google Scholar
  3. Basniajian, J. V.: “Spurt” and “shunt” muscles: an electromyographic confirmation. J. Anat. (Lond.) 93, 551–553 (1959).Google Scholar
  4. Basniajian, J. V.: Muscles alive. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Co. 1962.Google Scholar
  5. Basniajian, J. V., and F. G. Bazant: Factors preventing downward dislocation of the adducted shoulder joint. J. Bone Jt Surg. A 41, 1182–1186 (1959).Google Scholar
  6. Macconaill, M. A.: The mechanical anatomy of the carpus and its bearings on some surgical problems. J. Anat. (Lond.) 75, 166–175 (1941).Google Scholar
  7. Macconaill, M. A.: The mechanical anatomy of the acromioclavicular joint in man. Proc. roy. Irish Acad. B 50, 159–166 (1944).Google Scholar
  8. Macconaill, M. A.: Studies in the mechanics of synovial joints. II. Displacements on articular surfaces and the significance of saddle joints. Irish J. med. Sci., Ser. VI, Jul. 223–235 (1946).Google Scholar
  9. Macconaill, M. A.: The movements of bones and joints. II. Function of the musculature. J. Bone Jt Surg. B 31, 100–104 (1949).Google Scholar
  10. Macconaill, M. A.: Rotary movements and functional décalage. Brit. J. phys. Med. 13, 50–56 (1950).Google Scholar
  11. Macconaill, M. A.: Studies in the mechanics of synovial joints. V. The statics of single joints. Irish J. med. Sci. Aug. 353–364 (1956).Google Scholar
  12. Macconaill, M. A.: Studies in the mechanics of synovial joints. VI. Motion at one joint. Irish J. med. Sci. Mar. 99–113 (1957).Google Scholar
  13. Macconaill, M. A.: Mechanical anatomy of motion and posture. In: Therapeutic Exercise, p. 44–87 [S. LICHT (ed.)], 2. ed. New Haven: Elizabeth Licht 1961.Google Scholar
  14. Macconaill, M. A.: The mechanics of locomotion and posture. In: Annual volume of physiology and experimental medical sciences, p. 19–84. Calcutta: Physiol. Soc. Ind. and Soc. Exp. Med. Sci. Ind. 1962/63.Google Scholar
  15. Macconaill, M. A.: Étude anatomique des mouvements et des postures. In: La thérapeutique par le mouvement. Paris: Cercle d’Études Kinésithérapiques 1964.Google Scholar
  16. Macconaill, M. A.: Anatomia mecânica de la movilidad y de la postura. In: Terapéutica por el Ejercicio. Barcelona: Salvat Editores, S.A. 1965.Google Scholar
  17. Morant, G. M.: Body measurements in relation to work spaces in aircraft. In: Anthropometry and human engineering. London: Butterworth Sci. Publ. 1955.Google Scholar
  18. Provins, K. A.: Ergonomics for industry. 7. Men, machines and controls. London: Dept. Sc. Ind. Research 1965.Google Scholar
  19. Sousa, O. M. De, W. R. De Moraise E. D. Defferraz: Estudo eletromiografico de alguns miisculos do antebraço durante a pronaçâo. Rev. Hosp. Clin. 13, 346–354 (1958).Google Scholar
  20. Travill, A., and J. V. Basmajian: Electromyography of the supinators of the forearm. Anat. Rec. 139, 557–560 (1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. MacConaill

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations