• Guido Reger
  • Stefan Kuhlmann
Part of the Technology, Innovation and Policy book series (3217, volume 2)


When the Agreement for the Foundation of the European Economic Community (EC Treaty) was extended and changed by the Single European Act (SEA), ratified by all the Member States of the European Community (EC) in July 1987, research and technological development were placed for the first time on an equal footing with other political competences of the EC. In the newly added Articles 130 f — q of the EC Treaty the aims and policy measures are clearly formulated, thus giving the EC a real competence to act. The main aim of European research and technological development policy (RTD policy) is (according to Article 130f of the SEA)
  • to strengthen the scientific and technical basis of European industry and the development of its international competitiveness,

  • to support transnational cooperation between industry and science, and

  • to integrate the area of research and technological development into the general concept for the realisation of the internal market of the European Community.


European Community High Education Institute Framework Programme European Economic Community German Participant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    cf. Kommission der EG (1987): Amtsblatt der Europäischen Gemeinschaften L 302 vom 24.10.1987, Jahrgang 30.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    cf. Kommission der EG (1990a): Amtsblatt der Europäischen Gemeinschaften L 117 vom 08.05.1990, Jahrgang 33.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    For a description of the concept of additionality of EC projects see Tsipouri/Gonard/ Kuhlmann/Morandini (1992)Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    For a detailed critical appraisal of the tasks, elements and methods of technology policy evaluation see Kuhlmann (1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guido Reger
    • 1
  • Stefan Kuhlmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation ResearchKarlsruheGermany

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