Combustion pp 257-272 | Cite as

Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot

  • Jürgen Warnatz
  • Ulrich Maas
  • Robert W. Dibble


Hydrocarbons and soot predate NO x (Chapter 17) as pollutants from combustion. In earlier times, smoke from the factory smokestack was a sign of prosperity. In time it became a nuisance and finally a health concern. The remedy to the appearance of soot and smoke are the three “t’s” of combustion: time, temperature, and turbulence (Babcock and Wilcox, 1972). By allowing for more time at high temperatures with good mixing, one is usually assured of oxidizing soot and other hydrocarbons. However, these conditions also lead to a larger production of NO.


Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Flame Front Soot Particle Surface Growth Premix Flame 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürgen Warnatz
    • 1
  • Ulrich Maas
    • 2
  • Robert W. Dibble
    • 3
  1. 1.Universität Heidelberg Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Wissenschaftliches RechnenHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Technische VerbrennungUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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