Dermatology pp 1163-1194 | Cite as

Diseases of the Lips and Oral Mucosa

  • Otto Braun-Falco
  • Gerd Plewig
  • Helmut H. Wolff
  • Walter H. C. Burgdorf

Abstract

The oral mucosa is derived from ectoderm and has many similarities with skin. Nonetheless there are significant differences. Structurally the oral mucosa undergoes a different type of keratiniza-tion; in some sites, parakeratosis is normal, and in most others no granular layer is seen. The epithelial surface is capable of regenerating very rapidly, replacing the cells lost through the trauma of eating and drinking. The salivary glands coat the epithelium in saliva, which has a protective role, as well as facilitating ingestion of food. The subepithelial connective tissue in the gastrointestinal tract, of which the mouth is a part, is known as lamina propria, not dermis. In some regions, such as the gingiva and hard palate, the lamina propria is directly attached to bone.

Keywords

Lymphoma Vasculitis Trench Hypothyroidism Colchicine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Otto Braun-Falco
    • 1
  • Gerd Plewig
    • 1
  • Helmut H. Wolff
    • 2
  • Walter H. C. Burgdorf
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and AllergologyLudwig Maximilians UniversityMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology and VenerologyUniversity of LübeckLübeckGermany

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