Dermatology pp 861-880 | Cite as

Diseases of the Subcutaneous Fat

  • Otto Braun-Falco
  • Gerd Plewig
  • Helmut H. Wolff
  • Walter H. C. Burgdorf


The subcutaneous fat serves as a source of insulation, padding or protection and as an energy storage center. The thickness of the fat varies greatly from person to person and from gegion to fegion. No fat is found on the eyelids and male genitalia, but elsewhere metabolic, hormonal and genetic factors interact to determine the amount of fat accumulated. The fat lies between the dermis and the fascia of the muscles, tendons and ligaments. It is divided by fibrous septa, bands of connective tissue that connect the dermis to the fascia (Fig. 21.1). The true functional unit of fat is the microlobule, a small collection of fat cells serviced by a single vessel; the microlobule has no distinct, easily discerned boundaries, but the larger lobule is encased by fibrous septa. The septa carry the vessels, arteries, veins and lymphatics to the fat and also serve as pathways to the dermis and epidermis.


Erythema Nodosum Partial Lipodystrophy Blind Loop Syndrome Congenital Generalize Lipodystrophy Lobular Panniculitis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Otto Braun-Falco
    • 1
  • Gerd Plewig
    • 1
  • Helmut H. Wolff
    • 2
  • Walter H. C. Burgdorf
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and AllergologyLudwig Maximilians UniversityMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology and VenerologyUniversity of LübeckLübeckGermany

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