Wavefront Analysis: Clinical Primer

  • J. F. Doane
  • S. Morris
  • A. D. Border
  • L. S. EuDaly
  • J. A. Denning


Just as you may or may not have become accustomed to understanding corneal topography maps the next evolution of refractive ocular imaging in the form of “wavePront analysis” has come on to the visual science scene [1]. This technology is rooted in the astrophysics domain where astronomers hoped to perfect the images impinging on their telescopes. To do this astrophysicist had to be able to measure and then to correct the imperfect higher order aberrations or wavefront distortions that entered their telescopic lens system from the galaxy. Using a process called “adaptive optics” deformable mirrors were used to reform the distorted wavefront to allow clear visualization of celestial objects (See Figs. 4.1 and 4.2).


Refractive Error Spherical Aberration Adaptive Optic Wavefront Aberration High Order Aberration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. Liang, B. Grimm, S. Goelz, J.F. Bille: Objective measurement of wave aberrations of the human eye with the use of a Hartmann-Shack wave-front sensor. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1949 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Optics, Refraction, and Contact Lenses, Basic and Clinical Science Course, Vol. 4 (American Academy of Ophthalmology, 1993) p. 94Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.E. Records, J.L. Brown: Visual Acuity, Contour Resolution, and Temporal Charachteristics of the Visual System. In: Biomedical Foundation of Ophthal mology, Vol. 2, Chap. 17Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P.J. Dougherty, K.L. Wellish, R.K. Maloney: Excimer laser ablation rate and corneal hydration. Am. J. Ophthalmol. 118, 169 (1994)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Customized Ablations: The Future is Close. Medical Laser Report, January, 3–6 (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Webb, C.M. Penny, K. Thompson: Measurement of ocular local wavefront distortion with a spatially resolved refractometer. Appl. Opt. 31, 3678 (1992)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L.N. Thibos, X. Hong: Clinical applications of the Shack-Hartmann aberrometer. Optom. Vis. Sci. 76, 817 (1999)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Oshika, S.D. Klyce, R.A. Applegate, H.C. Howland, M.A. El Danasoury: Comparison of corneal wavefront aberrations after photorefractive keratectomy and laser in situ keratomileusis. Am. J. Ophthalmol. 127, 1 (1999)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Doane
  • S. Morris
  • A. D. Border
  • L. S. EuDaly
  • J. A. Denning

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations