Pathologie pp 37-180 | Cite as

Herz

  • R. Caesar

Zusammenfassung

Blickt man von ventral auf das in situ liegende Herz, so wird seine sternokostale Fläche v. a. von der rechten Kammer, daneben vom rechten Vorhof und dem rechten Herzrohr gebildet. Auf dem Zwerchfell liegt der linke Ventrikel mit der diaphragmalen Fläche des Herzens auf. Vorhöfe und Kammern sind durch den Sulcus coronarius, in dem die Gefäße verlaufen, getrennt. Der linke Ventrikel bildet die Herzspitze, der linke Vorhof im wesentlichen die Herzbasis. Im Vorhofseptum erkennt man von rechts die Fossa ovalis mit dem Limbus fossae ovalis, dem Rand des Septum secundum. Bei 20–25% adulter Herzen ist das Foramen ovale noch sondendurchgängig. Der membranöse Teil des Kammerseptums liegt kaudal der Grenze zwischen rechtskoronarer und nichtkoronarer Aortenklappe.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

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  • R. Caesar

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