Nuclear Spin, Hyperfine Structure

  • Hermann Haken
  • Hans Christoph Wolf


The atomic nucleus generates the central field in which the electrons of the atom move. The nuclear charge number (atomic number) therefore appears in all the equations for spectral energy terms of atoms. In addition, there are other influences of the nucleus on the electronic spectra, the measurement of which generally requires an especially high spectral resolution. Therefore, one refers to a hyperfine structure of the spectral lines. By contrast, the effects of the interactions of the electrons among themselves as well as those of electronic spins with the orbital moments, which we have treated in the preceding chapters, are referred to as fine structure.


Furnace Ethyl Lithium Uranium Fluorine 


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  2. A.J. Freeman, R.B. Frankel: Hyperfine Interactions (Academic, New York 1967)Google Scholar
  3. H. Haken, H.C. Wolf: Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1995)Google Scholar
  4. H. Kopferman: Nuclear Moments (Academic, New York 1958)Google Scholar
  5. C.P. Slichter: Principles of Magnetic Resonance, Springer Ser. Solid-State Sei., Vol. 1, 3rd ed. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1992)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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