Atoms in an Electric Field

  • Hermann Haken
  • Hans Christoph Wolf


In 1913, Stark observed a splitting of the lines of the Balmer series of hydrogen (8.2) in an electric field. He was studying the light emission of H atoms in the field of a condenser (Figs. 15.1, 2). Since then, frequency shifts in optical spectra in the presence of eletric fields have been generally called the Stark effect.


Harmonic Oscillator Radiation Field Electric Field Strength Quantum Electrodynamic Schrodinger Equation 
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  1. R.P. Feynman: Quantum Electrodynamics (Addison-Wesley, Reading 1962)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. W. Heitler: The Quantum Theory of Radiation, 3rd ed. (Clarendon Press, Oxford 1984)Google Scholar
  3. E.R. Pike, S. Sarkar: The Quantum Theory of Radiation, International Series of Monographs on Physics, Vol. 86 (Oxford University Press, New York 1995)Google Scholar
  4. N.F. Ryde: Atoms and Molecules in Electric Fields (Coronet Books, Philadelphia 1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität StuttgartStuttgartDeutschland
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgartDeutschland

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