Lifting of the Orbital Degeneracy in the Spectra of Alkali Atoms

  • Hermann Haken
  • Hans Christoph Wolf


After the spectra of atoms with only one electron, the next simplest spectra are those of alkali atoms.


Lithium Helium Cesium 


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  1. H.H. Kuhn: Atomic Spectra, 3rd ed. (Longmans, London 1969)Google Scholar
  2. M. Weissbluth: Atoms and Molecules: Student Edition (Academic Press, New York 1980)Google Scholar
  3. H.E. White: An Introduction to Atomic Spectra (McGraw-Hill, New York 1954)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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