Advertisement

Abstract

The DSM-IV criteria for mania: If A2 is scored higher than A1, a manic classification requires at least four B items. If A1 is scored higher than A2, only three B items are needed.

Keywords

Sexual Interest Scoring Sheet Elevated Mood Increase Motor Activity Haloperidol Plasma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bech P, Bolwig TG, Kramp P, Rafaelsen OJ (1979) The Bech-Rafaelsen Mania Scale and the Hamilton Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand 59:420–430PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bech P (1981) Rating scales for affective disorders. Their validity and consistency. Acta Psychiatr Scand 64 [Suppl 295]:1–101Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bech P (1993) Rating scales for psychopathology, health status, and quality of life. A compendium on documentation in accordance with the DSM-III-R and WHO systems. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Small JG, Klapper MH, Kellams JJ et al (1988) Electroconvulsive treatment compared with lithium in the management of manic states. Arch Gen Psychiatry 45:727–732PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lusznat RM, Murphy DP, Nunn CMH (1988) Carbamazepine vs. lithium in the treatment and prophylaxis of mania. Br J Psychiatry 153:198–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gjerris A, Bech P, Broen-Christensen C et al (1981) Haloperidol plasma levels in relation to antimanic effect. In: Usdin E, Dahl SG, Gram LF, Lingjærde O (eds) Clinical pharmacology in psychiatry. McMillan, London, pp 227–232Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hardy MC, Lecrubier Y, Widlöcher D (1986) Efficacy of Clonidine in 24 patients with acute mania. Am J Psychiatry 143:1450–1455PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Amdisen A, Nielsen MS, Dencker SJ et al (1987) Zuclopenthixol acetate in Viscoleo R — an new drug formulation in patients with acute psychoses including mania. Acta Psychiatr Scand 75:99–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kørner A, Pedersen V, Bech P (1993) A meta-analysis of the anti-psychotic and antimanic effects of zuclopenthixol acetate. Paper presented at the 9th World Congress of Psychiatry, Rio de Janeiro, 6–12 JuneGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edn. (DSM-IV) American Psychiatric Association, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    World Health Organization (1993) The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders. Diagnostic criteria for research. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Bech
    • 1
  1. 1.Frederiksborg General HospitalPsychiatric InstituteHillerødDenmark

Personalised recommendations