Dermatosen im Kindesalter

  • Constantin E. Orfanos
  • Claus Garbe

Zusammenfassung

Akute und chronisch verlaufende Hautkrankheiten sowie Hautsymptome bei zugrundeliegenden systemischen Erkrankungen stellen bei Kindern eine häufige Diagnose dar, wobei sie unter optimalen Bedingungen gemeinsam vom Pädiater und Dermatologen betreut werden sollten. Die Mehrzahl der pädiatrischen Erkrankungen kann vom Hautarzt in der Regel ambulant in gewohnter häuslicher Umgebung behandelt und das Kind von einer ihm vertrauten. Person versorgt werden. Nur wenige Erkrankungen erfordern eine klinischstationäre Betreuung. Wird diese jedoch erforderlich, sollte vor allem bei Kleinkindern ein Elternteil im Krankenhaus mitaufgenommen oder eine kontinuierliche Besuchsmöglichkeit gegeben werden, um eine Trennungsangst zu vermeiden. Vor allem akute Erkrankungen, die mit Fieber und Schmerzen einhergehen, erzeugen bei Kindern und Eltern Angst. Die subjektive Beschwerdesymptomatik wird durch das Verhalten der Eltern und der Umgebung (Spielgefährten, Lehrer, Erzieher) geprägt. Ziel muß es sein, eine bestmögliche Zusammenarbeit zwischen Arzt, Eltern und Patient zu erzielen.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constantin E. Orfanos
    • 1
  • Claus Garbe
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-Hautklinik und PoliklinikKlinikum Benjamin Franklin der Freien Universität BerlinBerlinDeutschland

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