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Ionization by Fields of Subatomic Strength

  • Nikolai B. Delone
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
Chapter
  • 195 Downloads
Part of the Atoms+Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 13)

Keywords

Ionization Rate Ponderomotive Force Electron Energy Spectrum Charge Multiplicity Adiabaticity Parameter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

We will refer to fields of strength slightly less than or on the order of an atomic field strength F a as „subatomic fields“. Such fields can produce extremely large perturbations of an atomic spectrum, i.e., extremely large changes in the energies and widths of the atomic states. Extremely large field strengths are generated by decreasing the laser pulse duration which also spreads the atomic levels. The condition of F ~ F a corresponds to adiabaticity parameters γ on the order of unity in the visible frequency range. Thus, under these conditions the intermediate region between the tunneling and multiphoton limits is realized.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai B. Delone
    • 1
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
    • 2
  1. 1.General Physics InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Theoretical PhysicsMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgopzudny Moscow RegionRussia

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