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Multiple Ionization of Atoms

  • Nikolai B. Delone
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
Part of the Atoms+Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 13)

Keywords

Ionization Cross Section Laser Pulse Duration Multiphoton Ionization Multiple Ionization Electron Detachment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

Spectroscopic data of atoms and atomic ions show that the binding energy significantly exceeds the atomic ionization potential for an electron in a singly charged ion (and even more so in a multiply charged ion). It is approximately twice as high for alkaline-earth atoms and atoms of noble gases, and over five times as high for the alkali atoms. The energy required for the production of a multiply charged ion is approximately equal to the sum of binding energies of electrons in an atom and in ions under stepwise ionization. For this reason it had long been assumed that the possibility of multiple nonlinear ionization of atoms at radiation field strengths less than the atomic field strength is negligible.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai B. Delone
    • 1
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
    • 2
  1. 1.General Physics InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Theoretical PhysicsMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgopzudny Moscow RegionRussia

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